While neglected in his day, Caspar David Friedrich was a major figure in the Romantic period, which sought to depict emotions such as loneliness and desolation. His paintings often depicted nature at its most melancholic. His relationship with nature was intensely spiritual and filled with symbolism which is why he was the main influencer of late 19th century Symbolist movement. He was particularly interested in painting the effects of light and the seasons. Friedrich’s landscapes are all painted from memory, instead of copied from nature.
Key artwork: The Wanderer Above the Sea of Fog, 1818