(1760 – 1849)
Hokusai had a long career, but he produced most of his important work after age 60. His most popular work is the series Thirty-six Views of Mount Fuji. Hokusai learned from Dutch and French pastoral landscapes with their perspective, shading, and realistic shadows and turned them into Japanese landscapes. More importantly, he introduced the serenity of nature and the unity of man and his surroundings into Japanese popular art. The bold simplicity of his designs and the use of color greatly influenced European artists, particularly Edouard Manet and the style of Art Nouveau as a whole.
Key artwork: The Great Wave off Kanagawa